Asthma is a respiratory condition in which the airways of the lungs (breathing passages) narrow and swell, often in response to an allergen. This disease affects people of all ages, but usually starts in childhood.
When we breathe, oxygen from the atmosphere enters into the lungs, which contain numerous tiny sacs called alveoli that allow the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide into a network of blood vessels.
Bronchitis is inflammation of the mucus membranes that line the airway passages in the lungs. This can block the airway leading to cough, phlegm production and breathlessness. Bronchitis lasting more than 3 months for two consecutive years is termed chronic.
Shortness of Breath
It is common to feel out-of-breath after strenuous activity, but more severe breathing difficulties can be a serious concern. Severe breathing difficulties can involve being short of breath, not getting enough air, gasping for air or not able to take a deep breath.
Chronic cough is a cough that lasts beyond two months. It indicates presence of an underlying disease that needs to be diagnosed and treated appropriately.
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It usually starts as an infection in the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat), and develops when fluid collects in the lungs. The congestion makes it difficult for your child to breath.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD), also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a term that is used for two closely related diseases of the respiratory system.
Cancer is a disease that results from abnormal growth and division of cells that make up the body’s tissues and organs. Under normal circumstances, cells reproduce in an orderly fashion to replace old cells, maintain tissue health and repair injuries.
Pulmonary hypertension is a rare disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries that supply blood to the lungs (pulmonary arteries). Pulmonary hypertension is not the same as general hypertension.
Sarcoidosis is a condition in which inflammatory tissue called granulomas develop in multiple organs of the body especially the lungs, lymph nodes, skin and eyes. This may affect the structure and function of these organs producing symptoms such as fatigue, cough, shortness of breath, blurry vision and skin rash.
Interstitial Lung Disease
The interstitium of the lung is supportive tissue around the air passages. Interstitial lung diseases are a group of conditions that cause inflammation, scarring and fluid accumulation within this tissue.